NFI and emergency shelter response targets people affected by humanitarian emergencies. Wherever possible, extremely vulnerable individuals should receive additional support as required, in coordination with protection partners. Additionally, where supply constraints are a factor that cannot be overcome, vulnerability targeting can be employed to determine beneficiaries.
Wherever possible, distribution lists are compiled through a registration and verification process following an assessment. If the response area is volatile and a rapid response model is demanded, different distribution methodologies are considered (such as token based distributions). Beneficiary lists produced by the RRC, chiefs or any local authorities act as a good starting point for the distribution teams but should always be verified by humanitarian partners.
Blanket distributions to communities are only justified when the field team assess that 75% or more of a population do not possess non-food items or shelter materials, and there is a distinct reason, such as lack of markets or cash, why these communities cannot provide for themselves.
NFI packages of assistance are tailored to meet the needs of communities on the ground as assessed by Cluster partners. On average, a package of assistance generally includes one plastic sheet, one blanket, one sleeping mat, half a kitchen set, and one mosquito net. The Cluster has additional items in the pipeline, such as kangas and solar lamps, that can be made available on request. The Cluster will continue to adjust kit contents to the meet the needs of populations on the ground while accounting for logistical realities. As populations remain fluid, the Cluster works with partners and other clusters to ensure as far as possible that chains of delivery are not inadvertently set up, enabling communities to 'double-dip.'
Similarly, the Cluster maintains a flexible approach to its shelter interventions to meet the changing needs of affected communities. Shelter responses range from the provision of shelter reinforcements and maintainence, to the provision of full shelter kits for new arrivals in static sites or for those being relocated within the Protection of Civilian (POC) sites.