Assessment

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The population is made up of hosts, returnees and IDPs. The IDPs have moved around Boma due to insecurity and a lack of resources. The IDPs will move back to their homes (but within Boma) when the attacks stop and most likely after rainy season as travel is now difficult. There are a few people that fled to Ethiopia when the attacks intensified and at some point will return to their homes also. The hosts and returnees seem to be staying where they are for now and haven’t mentioned any plans to move.

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Despite the signing of the revitalized peace agreement and improving situation within Wau, some of the DPs still feel unsafe to return to their homes for several reasons I,e security, shelter situation in return areas and services, however with improving situation and partners efforts providing services outside the IDP sites, expectations of returns will increase.

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The IDPs, returnees and the host community members do sleep either in tukuls or rakubas. These are structures locally made up of brick or mud wall supported by short poles surrounding it and the roofing consisted of long poles or well-cut coconut timber, grass or coconut leaves thatched. Always round, square or rectangular in shape.
Shelter

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The findings of this market assessment in Yirol East demonstrate the existence of a functional market, regularly supplied in goods that cover the needs of the local community including the displaced persons. Despite the many challenges the traders here face to supply and restock the market, they have constantly withstood the shocks to ensure supply meets demand especially in Yirol town market. Moreover, cash assistance is the appropriate humanitarian response to extremely vulnerable populations as it would allow them to cover their expenses without having to seek credit for their supplies.

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Give a brief introduction of context from alert date, assessment/verification, to distribution?

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Summary NFIs/ Shelter

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Besides population counts, the survey conducted yielded these results:

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Immediately after the rain, I (SFP/SiFP) visited the Bor PoC to assess the damages caused. I was accompanied by 3 block leaders including the camp Chairman. In fact many shelters had been destroyed and roofs blown off by wind. Most of the shelters damaged are the once which had not received the reinforcement materials for the last 1 ½ years. Many roofs based on the interviews with the households complained that the plastic sheets are leaking while others complained of water entering the shelter from both ground and the roofs.

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