Assessment

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Kolom is a modal village in Abyei its mainly occupied by returnees. in 2017 IOMs S-NFI department supported the returnee in Kolom with the construction of 113 shelters through the PACRIA modality to date IOM (TRU )is still implementing a livelihood project in Kolom for the returnees
However, on the night of Monday the 20-Jan-2020 Kolom was attached resulting to the killing of at least 22 people, houses burnt and a dozen children reported missing.

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There is very limited market in Koch town. While strolling around Koch market, you can see few shops stocking basic households items such as sugar, salts, local wooden poles, food items etc. most of these items are transported from bentiu market which ends up at a very high price making it very expensive for the already impoverished residents.

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The assessment team managed to go through the market and conducted a quick market analysis but found out that there are absolutely no shelter materials found in the market for construction of shelters as represented by 96% while only few traders of 4% said once there is need, they can supply.

The community supports them selves Through sharing the avalable Food that they recieve from the WFP. While some individuals some times go to the forets and collect Wild fruits and water Lillis and Fish for household use.

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The community support themselves by fishing from swamps, growing vegetables and sharing available ressources. The men and abled women walk from Jalle to Bor market to purchase basic food items but it takes they two days to travel The flood-affected population is surrounding Bomas of Jalle and Baidit payams had moved to the higher lands and are staying with their relatives sharing already stretched resources. 20% of the flood-affected population is occupying shops at the trading centre now.

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The community support themselves by fishing from swamps, growing vegetables and sharing available ressources. The men and abled women walk from Jalle to Bor market to purchase basic food items but it takes them two days to travel

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There is a busy functional market in Cueibet and Abiriu towns. There is no market in while Jakbil Ciecteng are near to Cueibet market 30 minutes by foot, The market in returnees. Some IDPs burn charcoal and sell them in the market. They then use the

From the FGDs, it is clear that IDPs support themselves through burning of charcoal themselves by begging from the host community. The IDPs reported that begging is from the same person, it is very embarrassing to go back again and beg from the same Community.

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Grass and poles could be accessed, however due to the floods and distance from where the affected communities are sheltered, it’s hard for them to get.

Mud and water are available from the river but as of now it does not benefit them as they cannot access the grass and poles.

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According to the information from KIIs and FGDs, 65% of host community in the assessed location support themselves through fishing while 35% of host reported to be supporting themselves mainly by taking their clothes, goats, jerry cans to the Lopit land for food exchange.

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Copying strategy, they share all the basic necessary need with host community who did not run/go anywhere since the beginning of this crisis, they engaged into doing other activities to earn living like fishing, selling tea and collecting firewood for both consumption at home and business. Community use natural resources for constructing shelters where People use tradition way of construction in circle shape with the wall made out of straight poles and supported by reed or small poles then mud with soil.

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