Bor South Pariak Need Analysis Report by ACTED_to share

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General summary of market assessment: Specific market assessment was not conducted. The market in Pariak which is available for IDPs has basic food items like fish, rice, salt but no presence of SNFI items. The majority of SNFI items are found in Bor town market. Identified SNFI in the Bor town markets were the following:

-              Plastic sheeting (7000 SSP)

-              Blanket (2500-5000 SSP; dependent on the type)

-              Sleeping mats (3000 SSP)

-              Mosquito nets (3000-4000 SSP)

The community sells livestock to attain cash and others collect Forest products such as wild vegetables, poles, reeds, grass to support their families.

Most of them cross the Nile river to access and cut papyrus in order to make papyrus mats for household use. Some households received plastic sheets and mosquito nets from WFP in 2018 through a targeted response. This can be further discussed and verified with respective communities. Another portion of the population collects poles, grass, palm tree leaves and reeds for shelter construction.

☒ Grass                   ☒ Bamboo               ☒ Trees        

☒ Other __Papyrus, reeds and Palm tree leaves__             

☒ More/less normal for South Sudan

☒ Emergency level of need               

☐ Strained resources / cannot share        

HH:805

The majority of the communities have shelters; however, there are a few households that do not have enough shelters due to limited resources and long distances to collect poles, grass and reeds. Some of the beneficiaries lack human resources to build their own shelters especially the FHH, elderly and sick.

It is at an average of 4-7 individuals per each shelter according to the FGDs and observations by the SNFI team.

Cite: coping mechanisms, health issues, weather-related information, life-threatening risks, market/nature availability, protection risks, preference of beneficiaries, and observations.

There is high need for mosquito nets by IDPs. The beneficiaries who received mosquito nets from WFP in 2018 confirmed that the nets are already torn and mosquitos can easily enter. The high presence of mosquitos is due to the IDP settlement located close to the river. 

Due to lack of enough mosquito nets among the community, there is a high caseload of malaria recorded by the Pariak Health center (reports show that 80% of the cases are malaria

Their second need was plastic sheets and when asked for justification, they said most of their shelters have collapsed down because of the flood and they are sharing with relatives at least a population of 4-7 individuals in one small tukul leading to overcrowding which does not allow them the right to privacy more especially young ladies. although some are able to erect tukul which are not made on a good shapes and again can collapse at any time when the dry wind comes during the dry season yet at moment its very risk to access grass for putting up good shelters to protect their dignity

The team observed that majority of the affected populations is sharing limited cooking sets with the neighbours. Majority of the cooking sets are worned out and others lost theirs during the flooding as most are submerged and carried away by the waters. Cooking sets are important for each HH to ensure cooking on time especially for school going children to have ample time for studies.

Kanga is recommended to provide protection to the women and girls from exposure to risks such as early marriages, rape and consequently drop out of school. SGBV especially child marriage is very common in this communities.

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